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Know The Different Types Of Acne Medications

Know The Different Types of Acne Medications

Know The Different Types of Acne Medications – If you are an acne sufferer, there will be many methods of treating acne. One of them is using acne medication.

There are different types of acne medications, where the focus of the function varies. There are acne medications to kill bacteria or prevent infection, there are acne medications to remove pore blockages, some are focused on reducing and preventing inflammation, there are medications to prevent scarring, and some are serving to reduce various hormones in the body thus helping prevent acne as well as improving the formation of new skin cells.

Although its function varies, however, in general, the main purpose of the use of acne medications is to help get rid of acne as well as prevent the development of acne in the future.

Types of Acne Medications

Acne medications are generally categorized into two types, namely topical acne medications and oral acne medications. Topical acne medication is a type of drug that is applied externally.
It is usually in the form of creams, lotions, gels, or foams. While oral acne medication is a type of medication that is inserted into the body or acne medication drink (oral), usually have to use a doctor's prescription to get it.

Topical Acne Medications

Topical acne medications in the form of creams or lotions, even sometimes in the form of moisturizers are excellent for people with sensitive or dry skin.

While gel or foam is generally made of alcohol, it is more suitable for those who have oily skin due to the drying effect.

Topical acne medications can be categorized into two types, namely: antimicrobial and retinoid.

Topical antimicrobials

Topical antimicrobials are designed to attack P. Acnes bacteria and inflammatory effects, to help reduce and eliminate papules and pustules.

Topical antimicrobials are quite effective for mild to moderate acne cases.

Topical retinoids

Topical retinoids are generally in the form of creams, gels, or liquids. Topical retinoids are derivatives of vitamin A and are used to combat cases of mild to moderately severe acne.

Retinoids help open clogged pores and thus will reduce the rupture of acne.

Retinoids can sometimes cause skin irritation and increased sensitivity to sunlight. Therefore, make sure that in applying it should be following your doctor's prescription.

Oral Acne Medications

Oral acne medications are generally applied to more severe acne cases. The use of this type of acne medication should usually use a doctor's prescription.

Oral acne medications can also be categorized into two types, namely antibiotics and contraceptives.

Antibiotics serve to reduce bacterial infection P. Acnes so as to reduce inflammation. It is wise to follow the doctor's prescription strictly when taking antibiotics.

By following the prescription, you can avoid the risk a result of bacteria becoming resistant to antibiotics.

Oral contraceptives
Oral contraceptives are more commonly used in the treatment of acne of a long-term nature. The method is to suppress the sebaceous glands that produce oil for the skin, thereby reducing the possibility of clogging the pores resulting in the growth of acne.

There are several risks of applying this method, namely: the occurrence of blood clots, strokes, and heart attacks.

Make sure that you must first talk to a doctor or dermatologist before deciding to take any of the above types of medications. Your doctor will diagnose and suggest the right treatment program for you.

Ingredients Commonly Used in Acne Treatment Products


Benzoyl Peroxide

Benzoyl peroxide is an application devoted to suppress growth and kill bacteria both on the surface and pores of the skin. This ingredient can generally be found in topical anti-acne products, be it creams or lotions.

The advantage of benzoyl peroxide is that it has the ability to penetrate the hair follicles and reach the bacteria in the pores that cause inflammation and at the same time eliminate it.

Unlike other antibiotics, this ingredient does not create an immune effect on bacteria. No other substance has the same ability as what benzoyl peroxide achieves.

Alcohol and sulfur are good disinfectants, but both are too dry, irritating, and can damage the skin's ability to recover.

In addition, benzoyl peroxide is also an active anti-acne that is able to reduce the excessive production of skin oil (sebum), one of the causes of acne.
The application of benzoyl peroxide is generally to overcome mild or moderate types of acne.  Although effective in eliminating acne-causing bacteria, the application of benzoyl peroxide has side effects, namely the occurrence of local irritations that generally appear at the beginning of their application.

In addition, for skin types that are sensitive to this material, it can result in inflammation that requires further treatment.

Salicylic Acid

Salicylic acid or beta-hydroxy acid (BHA) is an ingredient commonly used in topical acne treatment products.

Salicylic acid is a mild acid that works on the surface of the skin and serves to help remove dirt and dead skin cells from the pores of the skin (peeler).

Ingredients that have the ability to penetrate pores also serves to help shrink the pores of the skin so that the dirt that will enter can be caught.

This substance is also anti-inflammatory so it helps reduce redness and inflammation due to acne. Another advantage of salicylic acid is that it is antibacterial, which means it has the ability to eliminate acne-causing bacteria.

The multifunctional properties of salicylic acid, making this ingredient is often used as the main component in skincare products to overcome acne. This substance will effectively work when combined with other active ingredients.


Sulfur is one of the ingredients that has long been used in overcoming acne problems.

This ingredient helps absorb excess oil and remove impurities from the pores of the skin. One of the disadvantages of applying sulfur application is that it can cause the skin to become very dry.

Sulfur application is effective if used for highly oily skin or when combined with other active ingredients.

Azelaic Acid

One of the main causes of acne inflammation is an excessive buildup of skin cells around the follicles.

This is where the main role of azelaic acid in the fight against acne. Azelaic acid normalizes the buildup of cells and opens the follicles so that acne growth can be suppressed.

This ingredient also helps prevent the growth of acne bacteria. These two dual roles make azelaic acid one of the topical acne drug ingredients that are effective in overcoming acne.

The application of azelaic acid is generally for the treatment of mild to moderate inflamed acne. This ingredient has the effect of reducing skin pigmentation. Therefore, dark-skinned people need to be careful in their use.

Glycolic Acid (AHA)

Glycolic Acid (AHA) is a cousin of azelaic acid (BHA) and is often found in anti-aging products.

This is because glycolic acid works on both layers of skin, both epidermis (upper layer of skin) and dermis (lower layer of skin).

As with salicylic acid, AHA works on the upper layer functioning to remove dead skin cells, not only removes pore blockages but also exposes younger skin. Even better, on a deeper level, glycolic acid helps build collagen and improve the health of your skin layers.

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